9 Steps: Learn Farming for Beginners (Teaching the Basics of Home Farming)
Agriculture education for beginners is today's topic on the World of Agriculture blog, in which we always offer you many ways and topics related to the cultivation of vegetables, fruits, herbs, trees and plants of all kinds, in addition to methods of irrigation, fertilization, and caring for plants until harvest, and many other articles related to general information about vegetables, fruits and herbs.
Man has known agriculture since antiquity, and agriculture was one of the main reasons for the prosperity of civilizations, such as the Nile River civilization, where agriculture was the main source of food, because agriculture at its beginning was limited to cultivating what families, families or tribes needed only, and then the farming process began for trade purposes.
Learn farming for beginners - teaching the basics of home farming - the world of agriculture
Agriculture is a fun process that anyone can do without sufficient experience, and of course this matter is limited to a number of types of plants that do not require a person’s great quality of experience, or do not need special care, and here the term home farming or home farming appeared .
Most of those who grow at home are people who do not have much experience in the field of agriculture, but they only find fun and a good hobby in planting and caring for plants and gain experience from dealing with them, and I mention this to encourage and motivate you to start farming in your home, because it is not as difficult as you imagine, After reading this article, you can start planting one of the species that I will mention later at the end of the article.
Teaching the basics of farming for beginners and the basics of home farming
Home farming is the first step to getting to know the basics of agriculture in general, so many people do home farming as a hobby without having enough information or experience about the field of agriculture, and in general, home farming needs you to know some things that I will explain in the following parts of this article .
Choosing the right containers for planting
You must choose pots or planting containers of a size, space, and depth appropriate for the size of the plants that you will be planting, and you must also make sure that there are drainage holes at the bottom of the pot, which allow the excess water to escape from the soil and the plant and drain it so as not to cause damage to the plant.
Choosing the right type of soil and preparing it
Before starting the process of planting at home, you must choose the appropriate type of soil for cultivation, as there are several types suitable for home cultivation, and you can see the article on the best type of soil for home cultivation to learn more about the different types and the difference between them.
After you have chosen the type of soil; You have to prepare it, by cleaning it and removing any weeds present in it, adding compost to it, stirring it and digging it, a process similar to the process of hoeing and plowing in large agricultural lands. Preferably prepare the soil a week before the start of planting.
Preparation of seeds or seedlings
You can get the seeds yourself from the plant you want to grow, but it is better in the beginning to get the seeds or seedlings from places designated for this, such as nurseries and others.
Pay attention to the spacing between plants
When planting seeds or seedlings, you must leave spaces between each seed and the other, or between each seedling and the other, and the distance must be appropriate for the size of the plant at its maturity and reaching the final stage of maturity, and you can inquire from where you get the seeds or seedlings about Spacing the seeds or seedlings of the variety you are purchasing.
Correct planting dates
Many people make mistakes when planting some types of plants, which cause the plant not to grow or die during its growth stage, and this mistake lies in not knowing the appropriate planting dates for the varieties they are planting, there are winter crops, summer crops, and there are crops that must be planted within days or months Certain during the year, so it is best to ask the person you are buying from about the appropriate time to plant the variety you are buying.
Distinguish between indoor and outdoor plants
There are plants that cannot be grown anywhere, for example, ornamental plants, some of which you can grow outside the house, and some that can be grown indoors, and if you reverse the matter, the plant may die or not grow.
For example, you cannot grow some types of indoor ornamental plants outside the house, because they may be affected by sunlight and temperature, and there are outdoor ornamental plants that cannot grow indoors because they need sunlight for long periods, and so on.
Plant care is a process that you undertake from the first moments of planting seeds or seedlings, and this process is summarized in maintaining a regular irrigation program, exposing the plant to the sun and air as much as it needs, doing the process of stirring, digging or hoeing and plowing the soil, as well as performing the process of weeding or removing weeds So your plants don't compete for water and food.
What is eant by the irrigation program, is to irrigate plants with an appropriate amount of water, and at specific times. The irrigation process is not always a source of maintaining the plant’s life and growth, but water often causes the plant to die, and this happens when you do not specify an appropriate irrigation program for your plant, Therefore, always stay away from the excessive use of irrigation water, as it may lead to rotting and death of the roots of the plant.
You should also know the appropriate times to irrigate plants, for example, on hot summer days, it is preferable to do the irrigation process in the early morning, or at sunset, so that the plant gets the maximum benefit from the water.
Start growing easy crops and plants
It is best for anyone who is a beginner in the field of agriculture to choose crops or plants that are easy to grow, because they do not need special care, or your experience in the field of agriculture, on the contrary, where you can grow
Bird damage in lawns: Why do birds burrow in your lawns and how to prevent them?
Most of us love having birds in our backyard to watch and feed. Songbird music is a sure sign of spring. On the other hand, bird damage in lawns can be extensive. Bird damage in your lawns - why do birds burrow in your lawns and how to prevent them? Farming world If you find small holes in your lawn and see a lot of birds around, the damage is likely caused by birds looking for food. There are a few ways you can prevent birds from digging up lawns and grass. Read on to find out more. Why do birds burrow in my lawns? It is not difficult to determine bird damage in lawns or green areas. If you see a lot of birds in your garden and find small, 1-inch (2.5 cm) holes in the lawn, it's likely bird damage. What do birds dig for in green meadows? The phenomenon of birds digging in the meadows has an easy explanation and it is food. They are looking for tasty snacks, so if you see a lot of bird damage, you have an insect problem. Basically, your lawns are the best eatery around because they have a lot of insects, and birds are simply looking for grubs, worms, and insects. The good news is that caterpillars and insects will actually do more damage to your garden than birds do, so birds help you control the infestation of these insects and pests.